Etiqueta: camisetas de futbol zona oeste

SE DONS vs BICKLEY | ‘YOU CAN’T GET NEAR ME’ | Sunday League Football

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SE Dons is the journey of a Sunday League Football Club in South London hosted by UK Rap/Grime Artist Don Strapzy.

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Southampton v. Newcastle I PREMIER LEAGUE MATCH HIGHLIGHTS I 10/27/18 I NBC Sports

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Neither Southampton nor Newcastle could find a goal as the teams settled for a scoreless draw. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Southampton #Newcastle

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What Is Cork Ball?

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As I drove along the country roads of Southwestern Missouri, I couldn’t help but notice the painted hand-made “Good Food” signs which began popping up on fence posts. These road signs pushed my imagination into high gear and visions of “Deliverance” to “Ma and Pa Kettle” began swirling around in my head, and the thought of a big greasy hamburger with piles of French fries falling off the sides of the plate, set my stomach to churning. I had to stop.

The inside of the Greasy Spoon, although furnished in 1950’s style tables and chairs, a few metal corn fertilizer advertisements hanging on the walls, I failed to see the correlation between food and fertilizer, but the place was spic and span clean and the few patrons sitting at the tables all offered a friendly smile.

I finished ordering my food then went to the restroom to wash up and that’s where I saw the old black and white photos of men playing the game of cork ball hanging on the hall way walls leading to the restrooms.

“Where were those pictures taken,” I asked the bartender.

“Right out there,” he said nodding towards the back door.

I was astonished at what I saw as I peered through the foggy glass panel of the door and couldn’t wait to go outside for a clear view. Stepping out into the sunlight I saw the predecessor, the grandfather if you will, to the modern day net batting cage.

It was a Cork Ball facility and it looked brand new. I hadn’t seen one of these facilities since I was a very young man, many decades ago, and had completely forgotten they existed until today.

On that issue, there are probably many of you who have no idea what I’m talking about, so let me explain the game of cork ball.

Cork ball was played between two opposing teams and the rules and goals were similar to baseball, as far as counting runs, outs and innings. The teams consisted of three players each, the pitcher, catcher and outfielder.

The game was played inside a large netted area, similar to today’s modern batting cage. There were many different versions of how the game was played, depending on location, but the most familiar rules were as follows:

1. The defense consisted of a pitcher, catcher and outfielder. The catcher wore a catcher’s mask and used a regular baseball glove to catch.

2. A pitching rubber was set at a specific distance from the plate where the pitcher followed the same rules as a baseball pitcher.

3. The outfielder played behind the pitcher, remember this is a tunnel shaped stadium. If the outfielder caught a fly ball or line drive, it was an out, if he fielded a ground ball, it was a base hit, miss a ground ball and it was a double, a ball hit over his head, depending where the ball struck the back wall, was a triple or home run.

4. The batter was allowed 1 strike, a swing and miss or a called strike by the umpire which constituted a strike out. Two balls, constituted a walk and a foul ball followed baseball rules.

The equipment, the bat and ball, is what made the game unique and very special.

1. The bat was @ the same length of a baseball bat, but more like a thick broom handle in size and hitting surface. ( perhaps the ancestor to today’s fungo bat. )

2. The ball resembled a miniature baseball, made of cow hide with seams, but much smaller than a regular baseball.

The speed in which a pitcher could throw a cork ball, the narrow hitting surface of the bat and the fast pace of the game, made it a very popular sport of older men, beyond their high school playing days.

Cork ball leagues sprang up everywhere with the most popular playing areas being adjacent or along side a tavern or bar. The roar of fans, sitting on bleachers, the glare of the lights and the sound of clinking beer bottles were heard late into the night on Friday or Saturday.

The game had been an American icon, played with fierce rivalries and filling the coffers of the tavern’s owner. I have no idea what lead to the sports demise, perhaps us becoming couch potatoes, but it held a significant place, for awhile, in American sports history.

Piankeshaw Village Discovered

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A Piankeshaw village, obscure to most historians and scholars may be a major player in the history of the Wabash tributary, the White River. Some evidence from historic military records and Indian Claims Commission Reports definitely links a Piankeshaw Village to a White River, Indiana location. The earliest historical accounts include a reference to Fairplay Township that state very clearly, “On the site of the old town of Fairplay, a flourishing Piankeshaw Village had stood in former years before the white man came…” “Scattered over the ground there, especially in early years were the implements of warfare and of domestic usefulnees…and were tracts of land from which the brush and sod had been cleared, and upon which the former inhabitants had grown their crops of corn, and perhaps vegetables The village had contained several hundred wigwams, judging from the extent of open ground where it stood and the statements of the earliest white settlers… The Indians often came to the cabins of the first white settlers for ammunition, whiskey or food and brought with them to barter–furs, wild meat and curious trinkets of their own manufacture.”

A British fort was promised by the representatives of the Crown to the Piankeshaw led villages if they relocated to the White River. The Piankeshaw, Wea, Illini and Miami who had been living in the Wabash valley for decades became easy prey for British envoys who only wanted to entice them to their side with empty promises in order to gain a military and political advantage over the French at Vincennes. The British suggested they might even build ‘forts” further into the White River Valley. Le Enfant, a Piankeshaw leader was the only known active anti-French “rebel” in the region. He was convinced that the British would keep their promises and stirred other Native indian groups to join with the British. Piankeshaw and many Miami broke with their French alliance and began to exert random attacks on the French. They established a village or villlages along the White River in what is now Fairplaly Township. According to the Indian Claims commission reports, these villages held as many as 600 inhabitants between 1751-1753 as they awaited the full support of the British.

The British never fulfilled their promises and by the end of 1752 after the destruction of the English trading houses at Pickawillany on the Great Miami River in Ohio and the withdrawal of the English from the area, “the rebel Piankeshaw led by Le Gros Bled sent a collar of wampum to the Wea asking them to intercede with de Ligneris for them and most of the White River Village Indians returned to the western edge of Indiana and the Wabash corridor.

An Anthropological Report on the Piankashaw Indians, Dockett 99 (a part of Consolidated Docket No. 315; Dr. Dorothy Libby) Summary of Piankashaw Locations (1708- ca. 1763)(pages 58 – 62)

“Piankashaws may have been located on the Wabash River as early as 1708, and were certainly living in a village in the vicinity of Ouiatenon, near the location of the present-day city of Lafayette, Indiana, by 1718. An effort was made by the French to attract the Piankashaws to settle on the Kankakee River in 1720 and 1721, but only a few of them moved there and these stayed only a short time.

By 1726, the Piankashaws had moved some distance downstream from Ouiatenon and were established in a village near the mouth of Vermilion River, a western tributary to the Wabash River. This village was called “Mercata or Piankashaw” and it was estimated that at least 150 men, representing approximately 600 persons resided there. By 1730 a French officer, Vincennes, moved to the lower Wabash, taking with him some Vermilion River Piankashaws, who settled near the post he established in the vicinity of the present-day town of Vincennes, Indiana in the First Street neighborhood. At the same time, a larger number of Piankashaws remained in their village on the Vermilion River.

Despite a smallpox epidemic which killed a number of them some Piankashaws took part in French-inspired attacks on Chickasaw Indians in 1732 and 1733. In 1734, the Piankashaws of Vincennes’ Post were reported to have invited those of the Vermilion River village to settle with them, an invitation which was not accepted. Vincennes’ Piankashaws /pg. 59/continued their intermittent raids on the Chickasaws, but after his death in 1736 while taking part in one of these attacks, the number living at the post diminished for a while. The Piankashaws remaining at Vincennes were described as having decreased to 15 or 25 men (representing a population of ca. 60-100 persons) in June of 1737; other Piankashaws returned to the older village at Vermilion River.

Piankashaw Indians are specifically referred to as being located at Vermilion River between 1743 and 1747. That some also continued to live in the Vincennes area during the 1740’s is indicated by the fact that in 1749 Piankashaws were reported to have left Vincennes completely. This was probably due in part to British efforts to win the trade of the Wabash Indians and also in reaction to various attacks on them by other Indians. During the winter of 1749-1750 some Piankashaws traded with the English at Pickawillany on the Great Miami River and this group of Piankashaw Indians may have wintered in that area. A number of Piankashaws including several of the Vermilion Piankashaw chiefs joined the pro-English Indians. During the winter of 1749-1750 an epidemic again killed a number of Piankashaws, and they burned their village (probably the Vermilion River one) to drive away the bad medicine which they thought the French had sent them. All during 1750 rumors and reports of Piankashaw activities and collaboration with the English were circulating among the French on the Wabash and in the Illinois country. And, in fact, some Piankashaws did meet with George Croghan and sign a treaty of friendship with the British in November of 1750.

By 1751, forty Piankashaws were reported to be at Vincennes, but whether this was a visiting group or members of a permanent village there is not clear. It is clear that at least a few Piankashaws were living in the Vincennes area again. In this year also, at least one Piankashaw chief of the Vermilion River village was reported to have rejected English overtures of friendship. By October of 1751 the Vermilion Piankashaws appeared to be won over by the English, though they still lived at Vermilion River. By February of 1752 many of the Piankashaws around Vincennes joined the Vermilion Piankashaws, who were said to have moved, at least temporarily, to the plains between the Wabash and Illinois rivers. A rumor was reported that they, together with some Illinois and Osage Indians, were going to build a fort in the central Illinois area where the Fox Indians had been attacked by the French twenty years earlier.

It seems evident, however, that by February of 1752 many of the Piankashaws were established on White River in central Indiana about 2 days journey from Ouiatenon and from Vincennes, in a settlement inspired by English Traders, together with some Weas, Miamis, and Delawares. The Piankashaws at this White River location were reported to number 140 men, representing ca. 560 persons. By the end of 1752, after the destruction of the English inspired settlement of Pickawillany on the Great Miami River and the withdrawal of the English from the area, the rebel Piankashaws made peaceful overtures to the French commandants at Ouiatenon and at Vincennes. By the fall of 1753, the French had pardoned the Piankashaws who by this time had gone to Ouiatenon. (Goodspeed’s History of Greene and Sullivan Counties, Indiana 1884 supports this as well)

/pg. 61/ Soon after this, the errant Piankashaws probably returned to their former locations on the Vermilion River and the vicinity of Vincennes. It is possible also that a number of Piankashaws remained in the vicinity of Ouiatenon. In 1762 one hundred Piankashaw warriors (representing a population of ca. 400 persons) were reported as being at Ouiatenon. In a council held by the British at Ouiatenon in that year a Mascouten spoke for both the Mascoutens and the Piankashaws. In Hutchins’ description written in the same year, however) what probably are the same one hundred warriors were described as being dependent on Ouiatenon, rather than as located at Ouiatenon, which raises a question as to their actual location. The Indians living on the Vermilion River were dependent on Ouiatenon for trade, and it seems probable that references to Indians dependent on Ouiatenon include them. Thus the one hundred Piankashaw warriors could have lived at either location at this time.

All during the French period of sovereignty in the west, bands of Piankashaw Indians were mentioned, along with other Indian groups, by the commandants of the Illinois country as visiting them and various Illinois Indian groups. These visits involved trips for supplies, or occurred during raids on southern Indians, visits to relatives (by intermarriage), and hunting expeditions.”

One other additional source puts the Piankeshaw village on the White River. The source is Commandant, Vaudreul to Rouille, September, 1752 from the Collections fo the Illinois State Historical Library, vol 29.

“The Piankeshaw up to now have taken various step to get back their prisoners but this commandant has not judged it proper to give them back as they have given but small marks of their repentance and fearing our resentment, have retired for the greater part on White River, where the English today established with a certain number of rebels from Great Miami River. I have ordered M.de Macarty to extirpate this settlement, opposing force to force if there is need of coming to that extremity in order to forestall in that place the results from a larger settlement on account of the nearness of Vincennes, which is only about fifteeen leagues from that river. As to the location of their tribe, the young men told Le Chat they were two short days’ journey from the post of M de Ligneris; they said that the majority of their people wished to come to an understanding with the French. The others would not hear of it. They had suffered much for want of food. Some English brought them goods, but very little. The English had led them to hope that they would furnish them abundantly and that in Le Petit Pat Cott, chief of the seven cabins of Illini, which left the hunt this summer to go to the rebels, gave back to St. Ange, the belt he had received, with protestations of attachment to the French which at best are dubious. “

The historical documents are clear; the evidence from reports states that there was a Piankeshaw led village with British ties in the valley of the White River located two days from Vincennes and Ouiatenon. However, with that said, what is lacking is hard archaeological evidence. Back in the 1970’s, Indiana Archaeologist, Curtis Tomak did a site survey and concluded that there was not much evidence to support the theory of a village at that location. To be fair about this, there was a town called, Fairplay that was built on the alleged former site of the village. Today, as was over 30 years ago, the area also shows little if any visible sign above ground that there ever was a town laid out on this same ground. The village site or sites were definitely disturbed by the digging of cellars and building of houses, shops and businesses. However, it is now 30 years later and new technologies and techniques have been developed and there may be a need to do another, more intense search of the site before any conclusive opinion is formed about the elusive Piankeshaw Village Site in Fairplay Township.

Casablanca Morocco – Some Interesting Places to Visit

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Casablanca is a city situated in the west of Morocco, which was known before as Anfa. Its name was changed to “Casa Branca,” a Portugueses language meaning white house. Get to know New Town in Casablanca Morocco which was designed by French architect Henri Post who used Art Deco and Hispano-Mauresque styles. Michel Pinseau, who is also a French architect, designed the famous Hassan II Mosque which was supposed to be inaugurated on the 60th birthday of Hassan II, the king of Morocco in 1989. Nevertheless, it was not until 1993 when the mosque was inaugurated. The mosque can accommodate 25,000 believers while the courtyard can hold 80,000 worshippers. The tower of Hassan II Mosque is tallest tower in the world measuring 210 meters.

Other interesting places to visit in Casablanca Morocco are the Port of Casablanca, the Catholic Cathedral, the Casablanca Techno Park, the Twin Center, Parc de la Ligue Arabe, Lycée Lyautey, Mohammed V International Airport, and the Casablanca City Hall. Casablanca Port is considered as one of the world’s largest artificial and main ports. The Catholic Cathedral became a cultural center in 1930 after it stopped its operation in 1956 as a church. Parc de la Ligue Arabe is one of the largest parks in the city. Beside it is Cathédrale Sacré-Coeur which is an unused Mauresque architecture.

The Techno Park in Casablanca Morocco is a business center for Information and Technology and is the first industrial park in Morocco. The Twin Center in Casablanca is a two-structure complex skyscraper similar to the Twin Towers in the US which both have 28 floors. Lycée Lyautey is the most competent and multicultural school in Morocco. The school was named after Morocco’s Resident General from 1912 to 192, Marshal Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey. One of the busiest places in Morocco is the Mohammed V International Airport. In recognition for the late sultan, it was named after Mohammed V.

Degas and New Orleans

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Gail Feigenbaum, the museum's curator of painting, says there is no way to be sure if Degas's art "would have looked the same if he had not come here," but she is convinced that "the visual experience of New Orleans transferred to his aesthetics . " Some critics have suggested that the colors of New Orleans had a lasting impact on Degas, and the city's influence has been found in works he completed years after he returned to France. As the 20th century near its end, New Orleans is prepared to embrace Degas again. Officials are expecting a jam of monstrous proportions when "Degas and New Orleans: A French Impressionist in America" ​​opens May 1.

That coincides with the final weekend of the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, an event that already draws tens of thousands to the Crescent City. The exhibition will run through Aug. 29, providing an attraction during summer months, when tourism ebbs. The centerpiece of the exhibition will be Degas's famous canvas "A Cotton Office in New Orleans," a scene in which his uncle, two brothers, and various cousins ​​served as models for dark-suited cotton brokers. It became the first 19th-century Impressionist painting to be purchased by a French museum, and the work will be on loan from the Musee des Beaux-Arts in Pau, France. Before landing the cotton office painting, New Orleans had to compete with Atlanta, which is currently hosting a major exhibition of French Impressionists. "We felt we had to get it," Feigenbaum says. "It was an important work for us to get."

During the last month, couriers have been bringing other priceless Degas works from France, Denmark, the Netherlands, the Bahamas, San Francisco, New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia. Boston's Museum of Fine Arts sent three works, and Harvard University's Fogg Museum sent a companion piece to the cotton office tableau. One work that will return to the public eye is "The Nurse (La Garde-Malade)," a gouache that depicts a sickroom vigil. It has been locked in a private vault and unseen for nearly 40 years. In addition, relatives of the artist have contributed other artifacts. New Orleans was the home of his mother, Celestine Musson Degas, and a number of descendants of the Musson family still live here. Feigenbaum had only a year to assemble the collection after the Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation, and Tourism asked for a special event tied to the Louisiana-France celebration. Typically, four years are needed to develop this kind of project. "We envisioned maybe only a few works, something really intimate," she says. But museums and private collectors responded quickly and generously because New Orleans represented a special place for Degas. When the artist joined his two brothers here, the city was still under occupation by Federal troops following the Civil War.

Although Reconstruction and pestilence gnawed at the city's joie de vivre, Degas experienced exotica in New Orleans that made Paris seem almost mundane. Against a backdrop of a massive river, the Mississippi, and rich foliage, Degas was introduced to a world of Southern customs, racial passions, and pagan revelry. He discovered "free men of color" – Creoles with African blood – among his New Orleans cousins, even as other relatives, future members of the notorious White League, plotted a violent insurrection against the Yankee forces. There were duels under the oaks of City Park, and dysfunction ruled Degas's American family. His brother Rene married a first cousin, then abandoned her to elope with another New Orleans siren. It was the stuff of 19th-century soap opera. In his 1997 book, "Degas in New Orleans," Christopher Benfey wrote: "The journey to New Orleans marked a key moment in Degas's career … … in the city with a new sense of direction and resolve. He also took with him, in his portfolio and his mind, several unforgivable images of New Orleans life. " His uncle's home, where Degas stayed, still stands on Esplanade, a boulevard that connects the French Quarter and City Park. The house is within walking distance of the city's venerable thoroughbred track, the Fairgrounds. Racehorses were a favorite theme for Degas. "We can only assume he went to the Fairgrounds," Feigenbaum says. "We have tried, but we can not link his racing pictures to New Orleans."

Yet the city was clearly the source for another of the artist's obsessions. Degas was fascinated by his first cousin, Estelle, the young widow of a Confederate soldier. "One can not look at her without thinking that in front of that head there are the eyes of a dying man," Degas once wrote. Later, as she grew blind, Estelle became the scorned bride of Degas's brother. Her sorrowful face is published in several works, including a portrait in the permanent collection of the New Orleans Museum of Art that local citizens brought home through a public subscription drive 30 years ago. Degas sailed back to France following Mardi Gras in 1873 and never returned. But he retained sketches and memories of New Orleans. Years later, when his contemporaries Paul Gauguin considered the South Seas as a setting for his art, Degas recommended New Orleans instead. Of course, the South Sea Islands were strange, Degas said, but New Orleans stood out as one of the most exotic places on earth.

Twem – X-Factor Contestants

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X-Factor is now in its seventh season and has brought to the forefront people who would never have had the chance. Those who believed they had talent, but would otherwise go unnoticed. A show, a little like Popstars, but completely in a different league, and has become almost a cult amongst the UK’s TV fans.

Twem burst onto our TV screens early in the seventh season (aired in mid-late 2010) on ITV1. Singing their best attempt at Lady Gaga’s “Just Dance”. It wasn’t all too bad to be honest.

Immediately there were dubbed the ‘French Jedward’ and ‘The Twins who can Sing!’. Even Cheryl Cole commented on it.

They were however mortified that they had instantly been compared to Jedward and hit back at the media.

Twem, Arabic for ‘Twin’ has been their stage name since they decided to enter the music industry.

In 2007 Twem had entered a French version of Popstars, and had some success until show producers wanted to break them up and place them in rival bands and have them singing against each other. It was this that made Mehdi and Samir dramatically walk from the show, stating they were brothers, and they stick together. They are ‘Twem’ and NOBODY is going to split them up.

It was also during this time the fantastic duo released a single and went straight to number 1 in the Belgium Radio charts:

“Former French Popstars Medhi and Samir Beni Nouh, 25, have already released a single in Belgium called Tu Me Rends Fou (You Make Me Crazy). The single reached the Number 1 spot in the radio charts for just a day before the twins pulled out of the talent show in 2007 amid disagreements with the show producers.” – Unofficial Twem Blog.

Twem recently made it to the Judges Houses stage of the X Factor, and were to be coached under Simon Cowell. Unfortunately however, after performing for Simon Cowell at his villa in southern Spain, the duo were sent home with the other group acts that didn’t made the final three.

Twem have now left the X-Factor and are looking to further their career. Currently living between South East London, and Paris, Twem have a growing fan base, and are looking to make it big in the British music industry.

Personally I believe they are going to get somewhere. They are highly entertaining, and certainly have the ‘fun-factor’!

Accurist Watches – A Gift For All Seasons and All Reasons

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Would you like the official timekeeper of the Greenwich meridian to keep a track of your time too? You guessed it right… we’re talking of Accurist watches. The original British beauties that are must haves if you’re looking for class with style in a wristwatch.

Accurist watches stand for reliability. Assured quality and sharp accuracy are pivotal elements in designing an Accurist watch. Founded in 1946 by Asher and Rebecca Loftus, Accurist watches were created with the aim to establish a brand with lasting values. Accurist watches are manufactured entirely from Swiss components; features that guarantees top quality and which has helped ascertain the brand’s reputation globally.

True to its founding philosophy, Accurist makes designer watches for men, women and watches with unisex appeal. The men’s range has timepieces ranging from basic chronographs to the all-terrain watches with advanced functions. Some of the popular ones are Accurist MB754Y- 60 minute chronograph belonging to the Skymaster collection with a stainless steel case and bracelet, a slide rule calculator with a yellow dial and water-resistant upto 50 metres. This Accurist watch is ideal for those who value fashion and functionality. Beauty lies in simplicity gets personified in the Accurist MB778N gents stainless steel bracelet watch in an alluring blue dial with automatic date function. Then there is the vintage looking, performance packed, technically evolved Accurist MS643BR watch in stainless steel and Rose gold tone with brown leather strap around a brown dial with automatic date function.

The Accurist designer watch collection for women has watches from the opulent stone-set fashions to the chic, street-smart designs. The ladies B1331P model with two tone bracelet with a rectangular bezel set studded with Swarovski crystals and a mother of pearl dial will make you feel like a princess. For the women of today who adore functionality is the Accurist B1343PP- 60 Minute Chronograph with mother of pearl dial, a Stainless Steel Bracelet and specially engraved Case Back. This watch is water-resistant upto 100 metres. To compliment your graceful side is the Accurist LB1292W ladies gold tone semi bangle watch with Swarovski crystals. Wear it with ethnic or western wear, it will surely make you dazzle.

Some Accurist watches are unisex in design and appeal. Like the MB1300 water-resistant, stainless steel watch with stainless steel bracelet and black ceramic links. To assist you there are day and date subdials also embellished with Swarovski crystals. Accurist also has luxury gold watches that come with a 5 year guarantee against manufacturing defects. Accurist is credited for some special watches such as the Greenwich series and also official England football watches.

If you are looking for a priceless and timeless gift for a friend Accurist watches are the best option. And if you want to gift yourself something exotic pick an Accurist. Just right for all seasons and all reasons.

Who Invented Soccer? – A History of the Sport

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Football as it stands we know it today has its origins in the UK. England is the birthplace of modern football, but since time immemorial exist in almost all cultural and peoples of the world very similar to football games.

The current rules of soccer or football (or soccer as it is known in the United States), born in 1863. Then, the fledgling association of English Football (Football Association) drafted on the basis of the Rules of Cambridge, the first official document that established the form of modern soccer game, rules that in later years suffered some changes, but essentially irrelevant.

Football (whose technical name is football association) is a game of rugby brother, who in turn branches in other sports such as football or Australian football, among other variants of what at first was the same game, of course today with abundant differences own entity and each of them.

The Chinese, Greeks, Romans, and even pre-Columbian peoples of americas, games and practiced very similar in essence: two very different teams, in an area bounded, and with a ball that should either make representations to the opposite field or do transfer or puerta. En arc determined by the Egyptian tombs have been found data from a sport practiced by the year 2500 BC Although no precise data on how they played or what was, if it is known that the ball used in the game is made of animal nerves (catgut) to rebound better.

Although it is assumed that it was the Romans who brought the sport to what is now England, since extended his empire to those lands, there is no precise data on this, while there is a history of similar games practiced by Celtic, and closer in time for Norman.

More accurately it is known that sport that would lay the foundations of modern football was practiced since the eighth century in the British Isles, with variations in the place and time. Initially almost without rules, and even unrestricted players sometimes play the ball was very popular and even violent. King Edward II banned it in 1314, so as to dump his subjects to the practice of archery, where the army needed soldiers trained and skilled.

Historians agree that the origin of football is related to fertility rituals. So the ball symbolizes the sun, and the playing field for sown, which must be done by crossing the sun to ensure a good harvest.

By mid-nineteenth century is beginning to unify rules, and in 1846 at the University Rugby is played the first match with common rules of sport that was beginning to be called football. During the years following a series of intensive discussions on the regulation and modality divides players, giving birth to so much as to rugby football.

The rules of modern football (which they have introduced variations with the years) were fixed by the association of English football in 1863. The institution was founded on October 26 of that year, that date is often taken as a foundation for football. On December 8 of that year, schools and universities especially encouraged by the game with their hands finally withdrew from the partnership, and drive the Rugby Football Union.

These years are highly rich in stories and anecdotes. What happened to half of the nineteenth century, is the source of all the groups most popular sports today: soccer, rugby, football, basketball, handball, among many, many others.

How To Win A Pantomime Horse Race

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There are many questions that manankind continues to ponder:

Is there life out there in the universe?
What lurks in the depths of Loch Ness?
Who really shot JFK?
Why did Harry Potter end up with Hermione?
Will England ever actually win the football World Cup?
How do you win a pantomime horse race? …

Wow, back up! Do people really ask that last question?

Well strangely enough, yes they do. Maybe not as many as who wonder if there is a God or whether Lord Lucan is still alive but you would have surprised just how many covert phone calls we get from people participating in these fun races.

Very often these pantomime horse races are run to raise money for a charity or community project.
Many are held at real horse racing courses but many are simply held on village greens or school playing fields. Some, like the one at Greenwich in London, are run along roads.

Let's get something very clear. Whilst they are called pantomime horse races they usually involve any two person animal costume that folk can get their hands on. So These races involve cows, reindeers, unicorns, camels etc. Remember that point for later.

The big challenge is for the two people inside the costume to keep together. It is actually very hard to co-ordinate your steps to keep in time and keep the shape of the animal. That is why theatrical groups spend so long practicing to keep the movements of the panto cow or horse right.

Most people entering a panto horse race turn up on the day, chuck the costume on & hope for the best. Come on guys! Do you think that Mo Farah turns up for one of his races without ever practicing?

Many race organizers will insist that the winning animal crosses the line intact (so you can not let the front sprint off and leave the lardy rear end way back down the course) and they also regulate that the animal must be the right way round ( that is the head crosses the line ahead of the bum!).

So tip number one is take some time to practice. Whether it is just before the race or, if you can get your costume earlier, the day before the competition.

If you have ever tried to run in pantomime animal costume you will realize that it is hard work. Not only because of all the co-ordination issues that I have just mentioned but also because the person at the back is stooped over. It is very hard to run at any speed if you are doubled over!

But every costume has this handicap, right?
Wrong!

Nearly every costume does have this handicap but there is one that does not.

The humble camel has a distinct advantage in these panto races.

"Why?" I hear you ask.
Because, the person as the back stands up and looks out of the hump.

Suddenly, the people in the camel have a distinct advantage over the rest of this other level playing playing field.

So, in summary. If you really want to win your pantomime horse race (and why not?) Take time to practice before hand. It's about working as a team, not as individuals. But above all, grab that camel costume if it is on offer!